Jeu de paume
The beginning of Tennis can be traced as far back as the 13th Century, in France, during which its name was “Jeu de Paume” (Game of Palm in english), but variants of the game were also found during the Antiquity period.
By the 15th century, the sport developed itself and the usage of gloves were used to avoid intense injuries on the hands, rackets were then created during the 16th century. The game was played on a bigger court, with a hard surface in order to enable the ball to bounce, which was a ball of wool enveloped in a leather cover. The game grew more and more popular among students and intellectuals eventually making it’s way in the high courts of France and eventually becoming the “Game of Kings”.
Fun fact: origin of the word Tennis comes from “Tenez” (french word for “take it”) which in old french was “Tenets” which was transformed to “Tennis” by the English.
It is also said that the usage of the word “Court” is derived from the fact that the game was played in the King's Court. 4 centuries later, Major Walter Wingfield created “Lawn Tennis” in England and there started the history of the sport.